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Számvéber Norbert - Large csaták 11. - A sarló and a hammer között

The new volumes published present the major battles of Hungarian military history and the operations related to them based on the latest research results. We hope that the articles published here will...
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    Számvéber Norbert
    Duna International Kft.
    Year of publication

    The new volumes published present the major battles of Hungarian military history and the operations related to them based on the latest research results. We hope that the articles published here will dispel decades-old and centuries-old misconceptions about the war events of our national history. In addition to the maps, a better understanding of the events of the military operations and the conditions of the era is made easier, almost like a movie, by the commanders, officers, private soldiers, the weapons of the time, uniforms, awards and many other pictures, paintings and engravings.

    The Battle of Torda took place between September 15 and October 8, 1944, where the Hungarian 2nd Army, with German help and at the cost of huge losses, held off the outnumbered Romanian and Soviet troops for almost a month. They prevented not only the complete occupation of Northern Transylvania, but also the encirclement of the Hungarian 1st Army fighting in the Carpathians. The defense of the Hungarian 2nd Army's positions in Torda was one of the few operations in Central and Eastern Europe that stopped the Soviet army for a longer period of time.

    On the Tiszántúl in the Szolnok–Nyíregyháza–Nagyvárad area, October 6–31, 1944. the largest armored operation in the history of the Second World War in Central Europe took place in the Great Plains, also known as the "Deberecen-Nagyvárad" armored battle. The Soviet leadership planned to encircle and crush the bulk of Army Group South and the Hungarian 2nd Army, but their efforts failed due to the attacks of German armored forces and Hungarian formations. The Hungarian 1st and 2nd armies fighting in Transylvania and the Carpathians and the retreat of the German formations were secured, and new defensive positions were built on the Tisza line.

    After the retreat of Army Group South and the Hungarian forces, the Soviet leadership believed that it could occupy the capital of Hungary, Budapest, "on the march". After the failure of governor Miklós Horthy's "jump attempt" (October 15, 1944), and after the arrowy takeover of power, Ferenc Szálasi agreed to the declaration of Budapest as a fortress. Although only half of the approximately 90,000 soldiers trapped in the "Festung Budapest" took part in the fighting, the German and Hungarian units held out for 52 days (December 24, 1944-February 13, 1945).

    After the Soviet encirclement of Budapest, the German command under the code name "Konrad" launched three operations (between January 1 and February 15, 1945) to liberate the Hungarian capital. Several armored and infantry divisions were regrouped from the Warsaw area and East Prussia. First they launched an attack from the north towards Tata, then from the south towards Székesfehérvár. The Soviet forces managed to stop the actions at the cost of huge losses, so the fate of the capital was sealed.
    At dawn on October 24, 1956, the formations of the Soviet 2nd and 17th Guards Mechanized Divisions marched into Budapest, thus starting the fighting between the insurgents and the Soviet occupying troops. The armed uprising was then in full swing, and in the following days several clashes took place between the Hungarian People's Army, the ÁVH and the Soviet units. By the end of October, the revolution had won. A significant part of the Soviet forces left Budapest, but new formations arrived in the country by air and land. At dawn on November 4, after the password "Thunder-444" ("Grom-444") was uttered, the operation codenamed "Whirlwind" was launched with the participation of 60,000 Soviet soldiers.

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